5 questions affecting the quality of life of the elderly
Do you know?
As the saying goes, “Seventy does not stay, eighty do not stay in the meal, ninety does not stay in the seat”, it can be seen that the old age is the eventful autumn in life.
Through years of clinical experience, geriatrics experts have summarized five important issues affecting the quality of life of the elderly. I hope that readers and friends can fully understand and actively guard against it.
銆€銆€After falling into bed and entering the elderly, the elderly are prone to fall due to physical dysfunction or illness, and often cause seriousness.
Fall is the fourth cause of death from high blood pressure injuries, and is the highest among older people over the age of 65.
Studies have shown that the incidence of falls increases with age. In the elderly over 65 years old, the incidence of falls is about 30%, and those over 80 years old reach 50%.
銆€銆€Once the old man falls down, it will easily lead to a decline in mobility and physical disability, which will cause many “secondary” injuries and endanger life.
For example, prolonged bed rest can cause lung infections, urinary system diseases and pressure sores.
Some elderly people, even if they can return to normal, will cause serious depression and anxiety because they are afraid of falling, resulting in a reduced range of activities and a decline in quality of life.
銆€銆€There are many potential risk factors for the occurrence of falls, and effective measures against risk factors can be prevented.
The “China Injury Prevention Report” shows that the living room is the starting place for the elderly to fall.
Therefore, the design of the room should have anti-slip and anti-fall measures; the bathroom should be covered with anti-slip rubber pad, it is best not to use the carpet.
銆€銆€To exercise regularly, you can choose Tai Chi, ballroom dancing to enhance muscle strength, flexibility, coordination, balance, gait stability and flexibility, thus reducing the occurrence of falls.
When you get out of bed, stand up, and squat, you should follow a “slow” word.
Especially when getting up in the morning, don’t rush to get out of bed immediately. You should lie flat for half a minute, then sit up for half a minute, then lean down on your bed for half a minute, then stand up.
銆€銆€Second, fear of cognitive impairment Old-age cognitive impairment (commonly known as Alzheimer’s disease) recovers 5% of the disease, and for every 5 years of age, the prevalence rate will double, and one-fifth of those over 80 years old have dementia.
銆€銆€Some people say that “elderly dementia is a disease that cannot be obtained”. In addition to being unable to take care of themselves, there may be a variety of mental behavior symptoms and even the risk of accidental injury.
Various complications, fracture pneumonia, malnutrition, urinary tract infections and hemorrhoids often occur in the late stage.
These all bring a heavy economic and spiritual burden to individuals and families.
銆€銆€The early signs of the old idiot are easy to forget, everyone will forget things, but the old fools forget the whole thing that happened. Once they are reminded repeatedly, they can’t remember, and the forgetful is just a part of forgetting things.People remind you of it.
There are also personality changes, such as fear of fear, suspiciousness, becoming lazy, unwilling to participate in activities, and not enthusiastic about people.
銆€銆€At present, the medical profession has not found an effective way to prevent or cure old idiots.
But in general, the old idiot itself has no direct impact on the vital organs of the human body, liver, spleen, lung, kidney, etc., the elderly can still survive after the diagnosis?
銆€銆€After suffering from idiots, the elderly should treat their illness with a positive attitude and build confidence in the fight against disease.
Diet, high protein, high vitamin, high fiber, low cholesterol, low dung, low sugar and low salt diet.
Listen to music, read newspapers, talk to friends, play mahjong, play chess, etc., can activate brain cells, prevent brain deterioration, improve and delay the progress of dementia.
銆€銆€Exercise may promote the production of nerve growth hormone and prevent brain degradation.
Appropriate physical exercise, such as insisting on walking, playing Tai Chi, doing exercises or practicing Qigong, is conducive to the release of the brain’s inhibition function and improve the activity level of the central nervous system.
銆€銆€Three people who are afraid of insomnia and wake up one-third of their lives are spent in sleep. Through sleep, the fatigued nerve cells can return to normal physiological functions, and their mental and physical strengths are restored. Therefore, there is a “no sleepy fairy sleep.””Fang” argument.
However, in the elderly population, the prevalence of insomnia is as high as 50%.
This is because the secretion of pineal voxels in the elderly is reduced, the ability to regulate sleep is weakened, the time to fall asleep is extended, and the time of deep sleep is reduced, resulting in a high incidence of insomnia.
In addition, the average age, the incidence of underlying diseases increases, and certain diseases can also affect sleep.
銆€銆€Common forms of insomnia include: difficulty falling asleep, falling asleep for more than 30 minutes; falling sleep quality, shallow sleep, more dreams, more than two nights of awakening, or early morning wake up; total sleep time is shortened by 6 hours, the next day feels dizzy,Feeling weak, lethargy, fatigue, etc.
If you have insomnia for more than 6 months and are chronic or chronic insomnia, you should consult a relevant expert.
In the case of occasional brief insomnia, the following measures are recommended to improve.
銆€銆€Perform deep abdominal breathing, slow down and deepen, gradually relax the whole body muscles, imagine yourself on the windy beach, the sky is blue, the breeze is blowing.
You can also come to a soft, monotonous music before going to sleep.
Good music is refreshing and comfortable, so you can sleep peacefully.
Do some exercise armor to increase your body fatigue, and take a leisurely walk 10?
20 minutes to circulate blood to the body surface and promote sleep.
Folk song: “hot feet before going to bed, win the sleeping pills”, develop warm water before going to bed every day (40 掳 C?
50 掳 C) wash the feet, massage the feet and toes, can promote blood and blood, relax the muscles, and help to fall asleep.
銆€銆€Four people who are afraid of malnutrition are old, and because of loose teeth, difficulty in chewing, atrophy of internal organs, reduction of gastric juice secretion, deterioration of gastrointestinal digestion and absorption, etc., it is particularly prone to malnutrition.
A survey of people over the age of 65 found that more than 50% of the elderly were malnourished.
Through reasonable dietary adjustment, it can meet the needs of the elderly for a variety of nutrients, but also delay aging, prevent chronic diseases, and achieve the goal of health and longevity.
銆€銆€How do the elderly eat healthy?
The “Guide to the Elderly in China” suggests that the elderly should use their simple “Ten Fist” principle to guide their diet according to the size of their fists: the elderly can eat no more than one fist-sized meat and eggs every day.Eat the equivalent of two fist-sized cereals, guarantee two fist-sized beans, dairy products, and eat too many five-five-sized vegetables and fruits.
銆€銆€In the process of human aging, protein metabolism is enhanced, synthesis is slow, and the utilization rate is low. Therefore, protein should be added, but too much will increase the burden on neonatal digestive organs and kidneys.
The daily intake of protein in the elderly is controlled at about 70 grams. Common food sources include walnuts and soybeans.
銆€銆€Older people are also prone to vitamins and minerals, and eat more fruits and vegetables.
Is it recommended that the elderly take 400 vegetables a day?
500 grams, fruit 200?
400 grams, guaranteed 1 per meal?
2 kinds of vegetables, eat 2 per day?
3 kinds of fruits, and pay attention to the type, color matching.
銆€銆€Five fear of loneliness, loneliness, and loneliness are an emotional experience in which the elderly are alienated and abandoned.
There are many reasons for the elderly to be lonely. For example, the elderly are deviated from social life after retirement. Without children or factors, women become empty-nest families when they become independent. They are increasingly sick or inconvenient, gradually alienated from relatives and friends, unsociable, widowed or lost only children.
A survey in Shanghai shows that 60?
Among the 70-year-olds, about one-third of them have loneliness, and those who are over 80 years old are up to 3/5.
銆€銆€The loneliness of old age is extremely harmful.
American medical scientist James believes that the chances of a lonely seclusion person getting sick are normal.
Six times, the mortality rate and cancer incidence of lonely elderly people are twice as high as those of normal people.
Older lonely people are more likely to choose bad lifestyles, such as smoking, suffering from alcohol and not loving activities, which can lead to a variety of chronic diseases.
Older lonely people are also prone to sadness or depression, and their spirits are wilting. Over time, they will turn into severe depression and even have suicidal thoughts.
銆€銆€In addition to the intervention of social forces, the solution to the problem of solitude in the elderly lies in the elderly themselves.
It is necessary to actively participate in social activities to enrich life; to establish a good neighbor relationship, “a distant relative is not as close as a neighbor”, and only have a friendly feeling towards the people around them, and mutual understanding, mutual love, mutual help, will not be lonely.feel.
銆€銆€Through the above sharing, I hope to help older friends.